Lancaster General Neuropsychology Specialists Introduction Obesity is as much a psychological as a physical problem. Psychological issues can not only foreshadow the development of obesity, but they can also follow ongoing struggles to control weight.
Author name — Professor, Ph. I thank Wiley-Blackwell for the permission to use the text originally published by me in: REBT is an old approach that has seriously evolved from its creation, based on research in the field.
Albert Ellis has emerged, in Psychological evaluation professional surveys, as one of the main figures in the history of psychology in general, and in psychotherapy and clinical psychology in particular. According to RT, simply said, if we want to change various dysfunctional psychological outcomes e.
Thus, REBT application to the educational field has generated rational emotive education, to the work environment has generated rational effectiveness training or REBT coachingand to pastoral field has generated rational pastoral counseling.
A new emerging and developing field is that of using REBT in genetic counseling. Thus, some original ideas of the theory Psychological evaluation confirmed, others were invalidated, and other ideas were added based on research.
Therefore, what follows reflects the current state of the art in REBT theory; however, a careful reading also reveals its historical evolution. According to current REBT theory, the impact of various activating life events e. Once generated, a C can become a new A, being further processed reappraisalthus generating secondary or meta-consequences.
An A can therefore be a physical life event e. Arguably, the ABC model is the general paradigm of all cognitive-behavioral therapies. However, various CBTs differ in the type of information processing on which they focus.
REBT focuses on a specific type of cognition, namely rational and irrational beliefs. As concerning functional and dysfunctional feelings i.
The first model is a classic one, assuming that dysfunctional negative feelings e. The second model is an original one, assuming that differences between functional and dysfunctional feelings, be them positive or negative e. Data are accumulating now for both models and thus, the problem is still unanswered.
At its core, REBT theory is mainly a motivational one see David, that can be seen part of the appraisal paradigm see Lazarus, ; Smith et al. These can be represented in our cognitive system by production rules i. Therefore, when we face various activating events, we come with our own desires motivational relevance.
If we had no desires, we would not experience feelings. An irrational formulation of our desires involves three components: If activating events fit our irrationally formulated desires motivational congruencewe will experience dysfunctional positive feelings: If activating events do not fit our irrationally formulated desires motivational incongruencea second wave of information processing follows i.
The rational formulation of our desires involves three components: If activating events fit rationally formulated desires motivational congruencewe experience functional positive feelings. If activating events do not fit rationally formulated desires, motivational incongruencea second wave of informational processing follows rational secondary appraisal: Non-awfulizing non-catastrophizing refers to a nuanced negative evaluation e.
Unconditional acceptance is the antidote to global evaluation self-esteem. More precisely, we do not globally evaluate ourselves positively or negativelybut we accept ourselves unconditionally and evaluate only specific and discrete aspects of the self e.
Rational and irrational appraisals processes can involve various contents. They can refer to your own person e. Moreover, they can be general e.
The specific combinations of various rational and irrational processes and their content i. This line of research is still under scientific scrutiny, but several models have already been proposed and tested see David, Psychological Evaluations.
Diagnostic psychological evaluations assess whether an individual appears to have any psychological problems. In particular, psychologists assess whether the individual has the symptoms of any specific psychological diagnoses.
Psychological evaluation A psychological evaluation is the conditio qua non for a complete framing of the CDH patient and for tailoring the treatment according to the peculiarities of the case (Lebovits, ; London et al., ). THE PSYCHOLOGICAL FITNESS-FOR-DUTY EVALUATION: WHAT EVERY POLICE OFFICER SHOULD KNOW Laurence Miller, PhD You’ve been referred for a psychological fitness-for-duty (FFD) evaluation.
You’re not happy about it. Pediatric neuropsychology is a professional specialty concerned with learning and behavior in relationship to a child’s brain.
A pediatric neu-.
Glossary Of Terms Related To The Psychological Evaluation Pain Excerpted From The BHI 2 Manual By Daniel Bruns and John Mark Disorbio © by Pearson Assessments.
Updated September 04, Providing appropriate mental health care is important for individuals and society. In a time when all too common tragedies like mass shootings, terrorism, and domestic abuse occur by those with untreated mental illness, the importance of diagnosing and treating mental health issues could be the difference between life and death.