A late Republican banquet scene in a fresco from HerculaneumItaly, c. The Pater familias was the absolute head of the family; he was the master over his wife if she was given to him cum manuotherwise the father of the wife retained patria potestashis children, the wives of his sons again if married cum manu which became rarer towards the end of the Republicthe nephews, the slaves and the freedmen liberated slaves, the first generation still legally inferior to the freeborndisposing of them and of their goods at will, even having them put to death. Slavery and slaves were part of the social order. The slaves were mostly prisoners of war.
The Romans used the name Italia to refer to the Italian peninsula. Additionally, Italy has been invaded and settled by many different peoples. Etruscans in Tuscany preceded the Romans and Umbria, while Greeks settled the south. Jews entered the country during the period of the Roman republic, and Germanic tribes came after the fall of Rome.
Mediterranean peoples Greeks, North Africans, and Phoenicians entered the south. The Byzantine Empire ruled the southern part of the peninsula for five hundred years, into the ninth century. Sicily had many invaders, including Saracens, Normans, and Aragonese.
InAustrians ruled Sicily and at about the same time controlled northern Italy. There is a continuing ethnic mixing. Italy is in south central Europe. It consists of a peninsula shaped like a high—heeled boot and several islands, encompassingsquare milessquare kilometers.
The most important of the islands are Sicily in the south and Sardinia in the northwest. The Mediterranean Sea is to the south, and the Alps to the north. A chain of mountains, the Apennines, juts down the center of the peninsula. The fertile Po valley is in the north. The climate is generally a temperate Mediterranean one with variations caused by the mountainous and hilly areas.
Moreover, agriculture in most of the country has been of a subsistence type and has led to deforestation. Since World War II, many Italians have turned away from rural occupations to engage in the industrial economy.
Rome was a natural choice for the national capital in when the modern state was united after the annexation of the Papal States. The population growth rate is. Life expectancy at birth is Population growth declined quickly after World War II with the industrialization of the country.
The majority of the people are ethnically Italian, but there are other ethnic groups in the population, including French—Italians and Slovene—Italians in the north and Albanian—Italian and Greek—Italians in the south.
This ethnic presence is reflected in the languages spoken: The official language is Italian. Various "dialects" are spoken, but Italian is taught in school and used in government. Sicilian is a language with Greek, Arabic, Latin, Italian, Norman French, and other influences and generally is not understood by Italian speakers.
There are pockets of German, Slovene, French, and other speakers. Italian patriotism is largely a matter of convenience. Old loyalties to hometown have persisted and the nation is still mainly a "geographic expression" i.
The red, green, and white flag has meaning for most citizens but does not stir a great deal of fervor. Therefore, politicians make appeals for loyalty to the nation based on loyalty to the family, stressing ties to the patria "fatherland". History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.This essay will cover the above four aspects of leisure activities in Pompeii and Herculaneum -exercise, theatre, gladiatorial games and bathing- and in turn will determine the significance and role of leisure in everyday society.
" Twenty pairs of gladiators of Decimus Lucretius Satrius Valens, perpetual priest of Nero Caesar, son of Augustus, and ten pairs of gladiators of Decimus Lucretius Valens his son will fight at Pompeii on 8,9,10,11,12 April/5.
Leisure Activities:In both Pompeii and Herculaneum, entertainment came in many forms. People could attend the theatre, people could go to the amphitheatre, people could gamble, people could spend a day at the baths, people could throw parties such as dinner or dance parties and they could go to a local tavern and get drunk.5/5(2).
Essay about The Private and Public Leisure Activities of Pompeii and Herculaneum They were held in the Amphitheatre. The Amphitheatre was the largest building in Pompeii. Dorothy F.
Schmidt College of Arts and Letters Bachelor's Program Information Master's Program Information Doctoral Program Information. The hobby of collecting includes seeking, locating, acquiring, organizing, cataloging, displaying, storing, and maintaining items that are of interest to an individual timberdesignmag.comtions differ in a wide variety of respects, most obviously in the nature and scope of the objects contained, but also in purpose, presentation, and so forth.