What is easy to miss in this deceptively pedestrian opening is the invitation to the reader to become part of the storytelling process through an unexpected interrelation with the implied reader: The mention of Bond Street as a potential locale to which the narrator and the reader might visit effectively interpellates the implied reader as upscale and not without means, yet certainly not in the same financial sphere as Rosemary. This distancing effect serves to create what will become the heightened ironic stance upon which the crux of the story hangs.
The Relevance of Relevance Theory. It has been preoccupied with the encoding and decoding of messages: Although the problem of inference—of what readers do with the output of decoding—confronts it at every turn, it lacks an inferential model of communication, and has therefore been reduced, more often than not, to piety or sociology.
During the s, a surge of interest in literary language led critics to Chomsky and Saussure, but not to Grice Grice To this day, literary theory has barely acknowledged the existence of pragmatics though see the suggestive critique of Saussure in Fabb If Grice got it right, the theorists are in for a rude awakening.
Literary theorists have hardly paid any attention at all to Relevance Theory Sperber and Wilson This seems to me a mistake. Relevance Theory is not only the most elegant version of pragmatics currently available, but the most uncompromising in its view that inference cannot be assimilated to a code model of communication.
It asks questions which literary criticism has never been able to ask, let alone answer.
Literature, in turn, presents an intriguing special case of the Relevance Theory axiom that communication is most effective when the costs of processing an utterance are minimized and its contextual effects maximized.
They do not so much abandon as complicate the principle of relevance. They offer different kinds of relevance. They Katherine mansfields cup of tea analisys us to wonder what relevance is. Literature tests to the limit not our powers of encoding and decoding, but our powers of inference.
To examine the relation between linguistic form and pragmatic interpretation in a literary text is to ask what makes literature special—and to test a theory which claims to explain that relation.
At a time when writers were encouraged to make things easy for the reader, they made things difficult. They could do so because changes in the publishing and marketing of fiction had established a greater diversity of readerships.
Some writers could even be said to have recruited a readership by the severity of the demands they made on it. The literary agent J. What kind of trouble did such writers put their readers to? In processing an utterance, we first decode its linguistic structure identify syntactic functions, etc. The context may include information which can be picked up from the physical environment, information stored in the hearer's short-term memory-store, and information stored in the mental encyclopaedia.
Writers have ways of making things more difficult. Periodic sentence structure has always been a mainstay of the British prose tradition.
One need look no further than the complexity of James's syntax for proof that Modernist writers did not hesitate to test their readers in this way.
Information picked up from the physical environment does not usually come into play in the interpretation of literature. Other contexts do, and the writer can to some extent determine their accessibility. A reader's interpretation of a passage in a novel will depend on his or her memory of what has been happening in the previous ten pages, or the previous hundred.
Most writers exploit the former, a few insist on the latter. Joyce made extraordinary demands in this respect. In Ulysses, when Bloom takes leave of Molly at the beginning of the day, we do not witness what they say to each other. It is up to us to cross-reference these bulletins, which no reader could possibly keep in mind, using the book as an information retrieval system.
Joyce's appeals to encyclopaedic memory are no less exacting. We may well draw a blank; in which case, as faithful readers, we should consult a dictionary or an encyclopaedia, or a critical study in which the issue is explored Kenner Ulysses is of course a more punishing novel than most.
But the interpretation of Modernist fiction and poetry quite often requires the retrieval of information from some pretty inaccessible contexts. Modernist writers disturb or neutralise linguistic form in such a way that we are forced to access these relatively inaccessible contexts.
Normally, the syntactic and phonological organization of an utterance affects the way it is processed and understood. Such information status is determined, not by the structure of the discourse, but by the speaker. Even so, there are, if not rules, then at least regularities.
This allows the listener to construct a context as he or she processes the utterance, interpreting the new information in the context provided by the old. Modernist writers sometimes disguise or displace the focus of a sentence, thus forcibly extending the range of inferences necessary to understand what they are talking about.Katherine Mansfield Analysis.
Homework Help (), The Scrapbook of Katherine Mansfield (), and Katherine Mansfield In "A Cup of Tea," Rosemary walks .
An Analysis of Katherine Mansfield's A Cup of Tea Essay. The opening passage in Katherine Mansfield’s short story “A Cup of Tea” introduces the protagonist in a manner that will serve to underscore the importance of irony to the tale - An Analysis of Katherine Mansfield's A Cup of Tea Essay introduction.
Take a quick interactive quiz on the concepts in A Cup Of Tea by Katherine Mansfield: Summary & Theme or print the worksheet to practice offline. These practice questions will help you master the.
It was delightful–this business of having tea–and she always had delicious things to eat–little sharp sandwiches, short sweet almond fingers, and a dark, rich cake tasting of rum–but it was an interruption. The complete collection of short stories written by katherine Mansfield. A Cup of Tea by Katherine Mansfield Analysis The short story "A Cup of Tea" was written by a prominent New Zealand writer Katherine Mansfield.
Before reading I listened to the audio of the story from Youtube (the link is posted in the ending of this review).